Welcome to



Head Injury

Head injuries are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Approximately one in 10 children will experience traumatic loss of consciousness during childhood. Annually, more than 500,000 children are hospitalized following a head injury, with 3,000 to 4,000 deaths resulting; an additional 15,000 of these children will require prolonged hospitalization, often with a poor outcome. The majority of head injuries, however, are of a mild nature, with outpatient management or a simple overnight stay in the hospital being all the treatment needed.

Falls are the most common cause of head injuries in children younger than 10 years of age, and motor vehicle accidents are responsible for the majority of head injuries in adolescents. Child abuse, unfortunately, is another not uncommon cause of head injury. In the past decade there have been major treatment advances in both the management of the injury and its long-term sequelae such as memory difficulties and decreased academic functioning.

This article will discuss the classification, clinical management and long-term sequelae of pediatric head injuries.